COVID-19 Information

Slovak Response to COVID-19, Travel Restrictions to The United States of America, and Consular Services at Embassy Bratislava

COVID-19 Information

Last updated: Jan. 27, 2021 

***  Effective January 26, all airline passengers to the United States ages two years and older must provide a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within three calendar days of travel. Alternatively, travelers to the U.S. may provide documentation from a licensed health care provider of having recovered from COVID-19 in the 90 days preceding travel. Check the CDC website for additional information and Frequently Asked Questions. 

Country-Specific Information:

As of January 1new partial lockdown regulations are in effect until at least February 7. 

  • All shops (except for those providing essential goods and services), churches, ski lifts, hotels, and other non-essential businesses are closed. 
  • All schools, including most kindergartens and preschools, are closed. 
  • Family units are no longer allowed to socialize with anyone outside of their immediate household.   
  • People may leave their residence only for excepted activities within their district.  Excepted activities include:  
  • traveling to and from work; 
  • going to essential shops, pharmacies, medical facilities, banks and insurance companies, car and bicycle repair shops, the post office, and the pickup points for shops and e-shops; 
  • walking pets; 
  • taking children to school; 
  • travel to a COVID-19 testing site; 
  • going to a funeral, wedding ceremony, or christening; 
  • taking care of a relative; 
  • visits to nature within your district; 
  • individual sports outdoor within your district (such as skiing, cross-country skiing); 
  • For more details on these and other excepted activities, see the Government Resolution  

In an effort to reduce the number of positive Coronavirus cases, especially hospitalizations across Slovakia, the Slovak government will implement nationwide free COVID-19 testing during two time periods: January 18 through January 26 are valid for activity during January 27 through February 2. A second round of testing may be required for some districts; tests from January 27 through February 2 will be valid for February 3 through February 7.  A negative test, complete vaccination (two doses, the second one taken at least 14 days prior to Jan. 27), or proof of recovery from COVID-19 within the last 90 days will be required for nearly all activities outside the home.   The only activities allowed without a negative test result, etc. are:  

  1. Going to the closest grocery store, chemist, pharmacy, or pet store;  
  2. Going to the doctor or medical facility, court, or to access social services;  
  3. Going to get tested;  
  4. Going to a funeral, wedding ceremony, christening;  
  5. Provision of childcare or relative care; 
  6. Approved school attendance (younger children);  
  7. Walking pets within 1,000 meters of your home 

Nationwide testing procedures, Jan. 18 to Feb. 7:  Open COVID-19 (antigen) testing centers can be found either on https://health.gov.sk/Index.aspx (third link on the right side, RED “Antigenove Testovacie Miesta”).  Or visit https://korona.gov.sk/en/poziadat-o-vysetrenie-na-covid-19-en/ for either antigen or PCR test centers.  There will also be hundreds of pop-up antigen clinics around the country.  Pop-up clinics in Bratislava are available here

Persons who take a PCR test from one of the Slovak government’s approved clinics will receive an SMS message with their test results.  It can take up to three days to receive the results.  If you receive a negative PCR test result, make sure to keep your cellphone on you at all times while outside your residence.  For private PCR testing, please see the section “COVID-19 Testing” further down this page for a list of clinics.  

All U.S. citizens are requested to follow the Slovak government’s curfew guidance and rules, repeated below and in this article: https://spectator.sme.sk/c/22575624/faq-coronavirus-antigen-mass-testing-january-2021.html  

Starting Wednesday, January 27, in addition to the activities listed above, people in possession of a negative COVID-19 test may also: 

  1. Travel to and from work; 
  2. Travel to and from nature, including individual sports, within their district; 
  3. Travel to and from drycleaners, gas stations, optician offices, banks, insurance companies, vehicle service stations, the post office, and shoe repair shops; 
  4. Travel to and from e-commerce pickup sites; 
  5. Travel to and from international locations; 
  6. Travel to and from schools (students or parents accompanying students); 
  7. Travel to approved mass events; 
  8. Travel to government offices. 

Slovak authorities request that you do not go to the hospital if you believe that you might have COVID-19.  Officials request that those experiencing symptoms of COVID-19 contact health authorities at 0917-222-682.  A healthcare provider will explain treatment options after discussing your concerns.    

    • Facial coverings (mask, scarf, etc.) are required in all indoor public spaces.  As of October 15, 2020, facial coverings are required also outdoors if the distance between two unrelated persons is less than 5 m.  Children under the age of six and those with autism are exempted.  For information on additional restrictive measures adopted by the Public Health Authority (limitations on free movement of persons in public without face protective equipment, etc.) visit the Public Health Authority page. 
    • As of December 11, all restaurants, cafes, and bars are closed for inside and outside dining.  Take-away and delivery are permitted. 
    • State offices have modified schedules.  Confirm opening hours prior to seeking assistance.   
    • As of October 23, 2020, hospitals have postponed all non-essential services.   
    • International trains and buses are operating, but some local interruptions and delays at the borders may still occur.    
    • Official government of Slovakia COVID-19 statistics can be found at www.korona.gov.sk 
    • Contact information for public health authorities in each region of Slovakia can be found here.
COVID-19 Testing 
  • Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Slovakia? Yes. 
  • If so, are test results reliably available within 72 hours? Yes.  
  • Private testing is available at Agellab.skSynlab.sk Alphamedical.skLab.onlineor Medirex.sk in various locations throughout the country. If not ordered by the Regional Public Health Authority or a medical provider, the fee for testing is paid by the traveler. The standard cost is €50-€80. Results are usually provided via text message with a link to a document that can be downloaded for printing.  Fee-based testing will be available, and may be required, at selected borders including some airports in the region.   
  • Residents and visitors can also undergo free rapid antigen testing in each district upon request at facilities listed on the e-VUC website, many of which take walk-in patients.  Appointments for rapid antigen tests can also be scheduled at these facilities.  Requests for tests can also be sent to the Ministry of Health via the COVID-19 website.  Clinic staff provide hand-written results certificates to patients immediately after their tests. 
  • Note that during the period of mandatory nationwide testing from January 18 to February 7, there may be longer wait-times to schedule a testing appointment, but the walk-in clinics will still be available for urgent cases.
COVID-19 Vaccine Information
  • Has the government of Slovakia approved a COVID-19 vaccine for use?  Yes. 
  • The United States Government does not plan to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to private U.S. citizens overseas.  Please follow host country developments and guidelines for COVID-19 vaccination. 
  • At this time in Slovakia, vaccines are only available to medical personnel, social workers, and residents and staff in retirement homes.  Eligible residents and workers in Slovakia can request vaccination via the website: https://korona.gov.sk/ (only in Slovak).   
  • Information from the CDC regarding COVID-19 vaccination 
Entry and Exit Requirements:

Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter Slovakia? No, in most cases.

Travelers, including U.S. citizens, may be admitted only if they are immediate family members of a Slovak citizen or resident, receive an entry exception from Slovak authorities, or otherwise qualify for entry to as outlined on the European Commission website. No travel for tourism or regular business from the United States to the Schengen zone, including Slovakia, is permitted.

Travel by Air

Flights to the Schengen zone through Vienna, Amsterdam, or Frankfurt permit transit as long as the traveler has documentation to prove that the final destination in the EU will allow their entry. Please carry a document that shows an immediate familial relationship to a Slovak citizen or resident, such as a marriage certificate or a birth record when boarding the flight. If you plan to fly into Vienna International Airport, please view follow all entry requirements as posted on their website.  For transit back to the airport in Vienna from Slovakia, please see the section below on travel and transit to neighboring countries.  When considering a flight through other countries, please verify if transit to Slovakia through those countries is permitted to non-citizens or non-residents at their respective Embassies in the United States and/or with the airlines.

All persons who arrive to Slovakia by airplane are required to fill out the registration form: Health Passenger Locator Form and to obey all epidemiological measures as ordered by the Public Health Authority of the Slovak Republic.

Physical Presence And Exemptions

The following entry requirements apply to travelers who qualify for admission to Slovakia, as outlined by the European Commission, and travelers who are already physically present within the Schengen zone.  No travel for tourism or regular business from the United States to the Schengen zone, including Slovakia, is permitted.   

Please visit the Covid-19 page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for details about the below entry regulations.  Note that “internal border” means all land, air, and water arrivals from within the Schengen zone.  “External border” means air arrivals originating outside the Schengen zone, as well as land entry from Ukraine. 

For the purposes of border entry requirements, the current list of “green low-risk countries” is: Australia, China, Finland, Iceland, New Zealand, Norway, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan Note that none of the countries bordering Slovakia are currently classified as “green low-risk” for purposes of entry to Slovakia.

A full English translation of the Public Health Decree that explains entry requirements can be found here.  A flowchart outlining current restrictions in Slovak can be found here

As of December 8, 2020, travelers who have been physically present ONLY in the above “green low-risk” countries for the prior 14 days may enter Slovakia and move freely by presenting negative results of a COVID-19 RT-PCR test taken within the prior 72 hours OUTSIDE of Slovakia.  They do not need to register with the Ministry of Health.

Travelers listed in Section 4 of the Public Health Decree are exempt from testing and quarantine requirements unless otherwise indicated.

As of December 8, 2020, several categories of travelers previously excepted from testing and quarantine requirements need the negative results of an antigen test taken within the prior two weeks at an authorized facility in Slovakia OR an RT-PCT test taken within the prior 72 hours anywhere.  This includes all travelers listed in Sections 5-7 of the Public Health Decree, including temporary workers and students.

As of December 8, 2020, all people entering the Slovak Republic who have been physically present only within the European Union (does not include Great Britain), Norway, Iceland, Lichtenstein, and Switzerland in countries OTHER THAN those on the “green low-risk” list during the previous 14 days, must present at the border a negative COVID-19 RT-PCR test taken within the prior 72 hours OUTSIDE of Slovakia.  OTHERWISE, they must remain in home quarantine or at a quarantine accommodation facility when ordered, UNTIL:

  • a) receipt of a negative RT-PCR test for COVID-19 taken on or after the fifth day of home isolation; OR 10 days of home isolation are complete AND all people in the household remain asymptomatic. All people in a household must remain in isolation until the traveler’s quarantine ends.

In addition to testing and quarantine rules above, all travelers arriving from within the European Union but outside of the “green low-risk countries”, including those with valid RT-PCR negative tests, must:

  • a) Register in advance of or immediately upon entry into the Slovak Republic at the website https://korona.gov.sk/en/ehranica/ and follow all directions as indicated.
  • b) Carry results of a negative RT-PCR test with them at all times while moving freely in Slovakia and be willing to present it to the Slovak Police Force.

As of December 8, 2020, all people entering the Slovak Republic who have been physically present in countries OUTSIDE the European Union, Norway, Iceland, Lichtenstein, and Switzerland, and NOT on the “green low-risk list”, during the previous 14 days, must remain in home isolation, or in a quarantine accommodation facility as ordered, which only ends upon:

  • a) receipt of a negative RT-PCR test for COVID-19 taken after the fifth day of home isolation. All people in a household must remain in isolation until the traveler’s quarantine ends.
  • Note that COVID-19 testing at the Ukrainian border has been suspended. For information about who may enter Slovakia from the Ukrainian border, please see information about arrival through the external border.

In addition to testing and quarantine rules above, these travelers, including those with valid RT-PCR negative tests, must:

  • a) Register immediately upon entry into the Slovak Republic at the website http://korona.gov.en/ehranica and follow all directions as indicated.
  • b) Carry results of a negative RT-PCR test with them at all times while moving freely in Slovakia and be willing to present it to the Slovak Police Force.

As of December 21, 2020 travelers who have been physically present in Great Britain within the prior 14 days must remain in home quarantine or at a quarantine accommodation facility when ordered, UNTIL:

  • a) receipt of a negative RT-PCR test for COVID-19 taken on or after the fifth day of home isolation; OR 10 days of home isolation are complete AND all people in the household remain asymptomatic. All people in a household must remain in isolation until the traveler’s quarantine ends.

In addition to testing and quarantine rules above, all travelers who have been physically present in Great Britain during the prior 14 days, including those with valid RT-PCR negative tests, must:

  • a) Register in advance of or immediately upon entry into the Slovak Republic at the website https://korona.gov.sk/en/ehranica/ and follow all directions as indicated.
  • b) Carry results of a negative RT-PCR test with them at all times while moving freely in Slovakia and be willing to present it to the Slovak Police Force.

Is it possible to travel to or transit neighboring countries from Slovakia? No, in most cases.  However, a few exceptions are outlined below.

As of December 18, drivers (including private persons) providing direct ground transportation without stopover to/from airports in any neighboring countries are exempt from the quarantine and testing requirements upon reentry to Slovakia, as long as they carry the airport transit form https://naletisko.mzv.sk/. When you submit the form, you will be provided with a specific time when you will be permitted to be outside of Slovakia, based on the time of the flight and the location of the airport.  In case of flight delay, you must present proof of the delay (such as a message from the airline), along with the printed form, upon reentry to Slovakia.  Note that transiting passengers and their drivers may still need to comply with testing and quarantine requirements of the country where the airport is located. Austria allows for transit from Slovakia to/from the airport and main train station in Vienna, and passengers and their drivers are exempt from testing and quarantine requirements.  However, as of January 15, 2021, only professional drivers are exempt from preclearance requirements.  Private persons providing transportation to airline and train travelers need to receive preapproval for entry from the government of Austria via the Pre-Travel-Clearance form.     

As of December 18, 2020, entry to Austria from Slovakia requires compliance with a ten-day quarantine. Travelers may be able to take a PCR test on day five, in which case quarantine would end upon receipt of a negative result.  Travelers need to provide a “Declaration of Quarantine” at the border, which can be found here.  As of January 15, 2021, travelers must also register for Pre-Travel-Clearance and provide a print-out of their approval at the border.  The Austrian Embassy in Washington provides more information about preclearance and entry requirements in English for travelers from the U.S.  Note that travelers to Austria must be already physically present within the Schengen zone, or meet the criteria to enter it, in order to be allowed entry at all.  More detailed information in English can also be found at the website of the Federal Ministry of Austria.  

  • transit journeys without stopover, including drivers or anyone providing ground transportation to/from the airport and main train station in Vienna;
  • children under 11 years old;
  • some regular cross-border commuters;
  • people with qualifying medical appointments.

As of September 1, 2020, the border with Hungary is closed. Only Hungarian citizens and long-term residents will be allowed entry to Hungary. Arrivals and departures of third country nationals at the Budapest international airport will not be permitted.

As of November 9, 2020, persons traveling to the Czech Republic must complete entry form at https://www.mzv.cz/file/4081246/Prijezdovy_formular.pdf and either present negative COVID-19 test not older than 72 hours, or stay in home quarantine for minimum 5 days and take a PCR test, or stay in home quarantine for 10 days. Exemptions apply to EU citizens and residents transiting the Czech Republic for up to 12 hours, or traveling to the Czech Republic for less than 12 hours for emergency reasons, minors up to 5 years of age, and residents and citizens of the Czech Republic.

Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? Yes, for some travelers. Please see Entry and Exit Requirements above for more information.

Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Sometimes.

The airports in Vienna and Bratislava have been conducting temperature checks on arriving passengers for some flights. Travelers should be prepared for health and border officials to require temperature checks.

Are visa extensions for residents and/or tourists available? Yes

Temporary and permanent residents, as well as anyone on paroled status in Slovakia, whose validity expires during the declared state of crisis and up to a month afterwards will have their legal status extended for two months after the official state of crisis is declared over. Travel for tourism to other EU countries during that period is only permitted for legal residents. Temporary residents and visitors must remain in Slovakia.

Travelers that legally entered Slovakia on a Schengen visa will maintain their legal status until one month after the official state of crisis ends. They are not, however, permitted to travel for tourism to other countries, unless they have permanent residency in Slovakia.

Temporary and permanent residents who are outside of Slovakia and are unable to return during the state of crisis can submit an application for the renewal of their residency status at the closest Slovak Embassy abroad mzv.sk/washington. The Slovak embassy can provide details on application procedures.

Movement Restrictions:

Is a curfew in place? Yes, as detailed below.

The government has implemented a curfew restricting movement between the hours of 5:00AM-1:00AM, with exceptions as outlined in the Government Resolution. 

If the Public Health Authority imposes new measures to restrict movement in order to control the spread of the virus, they will be posted at http://www.uvzsr.sk/en/index.php/contacts  

Quarantine Information:

Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? Yes, unless they meet certain criteria as outlined in the Entry and Exit Requirements section above.

If travelers arrive via Vienna International Airport, the negative COVID-19 test must not be older than 72 hours. For transit through other Schengen airports, please monitor the changes of entry and transit requirements at their respective Embassies in the United States and/or with the airlines.

State-provided quarantine and use of the application eKarantena have been terminated.

Transportation Options:

Are commercial flights operating? Yes.

There are no direct flights to the United States from any Slovak airport. The Vienna and Prague airports remain open with indirect and some direct itineraries to the United States. However, airlines have reduced their schedules and flights are subject to constant change. Check with your airline before your scheduled departure. For more detailed information visit the websites of the Vienna and Prague airports. 

If arriving in Slovakia via commercial flight, it is required to complete the Passenger Health Locator Form. 

The Bratislava, Kosice and Poprad airports now have limited commercial flights and charter flights to destinations in Europe.

Is public transportation operating? Yes.

Masks are required on all forms of public transportation. Taxi and ride sharing app services are available, and also require the use of face masks.

For entry to the United States beginning January 26, 2021: 

As of January 26, 2021, all travelers arriving to the U.S. by air, including U.S. citizens and LPRs, must provide negative results of a COVID-19 antigen or RT-PCR test taken within 72 hours of boarding a flight to the U.S.  For more information, please see these FAQs from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  Note that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also encourage all travelers to the U.S. to re-test after 3-5 days in the U.S. and self-quarantine for 7 days after travel.  All arriving travelers must also follow all testing and quarantine requirements for the city/state of their final destination in the U.S.   

Waivers to the testing requirement may be granted by the CDC on an extremely limited basis when extraordinary emergency travel (like an emergency medical evacuation) must occur to preserve someone’s health and safety, and testing cannot be completed before travel.  There are no waivers available for individuals who test positive for COVID-19.  Individuals – or air carriers seeking to allow boarding by potentially qualifying individuals – who believe they meet the criteria for a waiver should contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate at ConsulBratislava@state.gov, and provide the information below.  The U.S. Embassy or Consulate will then submit the request to the CDC for consideration.

The following information must be provided for each passenger: 

  1. Name (family name/surname, given name), passport number and country  
  2. Cell phone number including country code of passenger or head of household if family unit
  3. Email address of passenger or head of household if family unit
  4. U.S. destination address                                                            
    1. Is U.S. destination home address?              
  5. Departure date  
  6. Flight itinerary  
  7. Name of submitting entity if different from passenger
  8. Name of company submitting on behalf of passenger(s) (if applicable)      
  9. Name of point of contact submitting on behalf of passenger(s) (if applicable)                              
  10. Phone and email address for POC submitting waiver request on behalf of passenger(s) (if applicable)
  11. Purpose of travel to the U.S. (provide brief explanation of why urgent travel is needed and how travel will contribute to health and safety of passengers(s))
  12. Justification for testing waiver (e.g. no testing available, impact on health and safety)
  13. Documentation to support justification for test waiver, if available (e.g. medical records or orders for medical evacuation)
Fines for Non-Compliance:

Violation of the quarantine rules in Slovakia can result in fines of €1,650 ($1800).  Slovak authorities recently announced increased monitoring along Slovak borders and state that they may soon impose fines of up to €5,000 for travel and quarantine rule violations. In cases of serious quarantine violations, foreigners may be deported from Slovakia and could face permanent bans on reentry.

Non-compliance with mask requirements can result in fines or prosecution.

Consular Operations:

American Citizen Services at the U.S. Embassy in Bratislava is accepting limited numbers of applicants for routine and emergency services.  Please visit https://sk.usembassy.gov/u-s-citizen-services/ to schedule an appointment.  

As of December 21, 2020 the U.S. Embassy in Bratislava is accepting limited appointment requests for urgent nonimmigrant visa applicants who are exempt from all Presidential Proclamations or qualify for National Interest Exceptions.  Nonimmigrant visa applications are available at https://www.ustraveldocs.com/sk/.  Please do not pay the fee unless you are sure you are exempt from the Presidential Proclamations, qualify for a National Interest Exception, or until the U.S. Embassy approves your appointment request.

Local Resources:

Other Links:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention