Slovak Response to COVID-19, Travel Restrictions to The United States of America, and Consular Services at Embassy Bratislava
Last updated: May 3 , 2021
*** Effective January 26, all airline passengers to the United States ages two years and older must provide a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within three calendar days of travel. Alternatively, travelers to the U.S. may provide documentation from a licensed health care provider of having recovered from COVID-19 in the 90 days preceding travel. Check the CDC website for additional information and Frequently Asked Questions.
Recent Changes to Country-Specific Information:
Slovakia uses the COVID-19 Traffic Light System, which updates pandemic control measures regionally based on predetermined criteria. An English-language explanation of the Traffic Light System is available here.
Slovakia began incrementally lifting some pandemic lockdown restrictions on April 19. It will likely continue to ease restrictions on a weekly basis, as long as case numbers continued to decline. For details in English, please visit the International Organization for Migration and the Slovak Spectator. Wherever a regulation conflicts with guidance found in the Traffic Light System, the more restrictive policy prevails. An English-language version of the public decree effective April 19 is available here.
FFP2 masks are required in all indoor spaces and on public transportation.
As of March 20, people residing in Slovakia, including citizens and permanent and temporary residents, are not allowed to travel outside the country for tourism, leisure, or recreational purposes.
General Country Specific COVID-19 Information:
Slovak authorities request that you do not go to the hospital if you believe that you might have COVID-19. Officials request that those experiencing symptoms of COVID-19 contact health authorities at 0917-222-682. A healthcare provider will explain treatment options after discussing your concerns.
If you test positive for COVID-19 while in Slovakia, please follow the regulations as outlined by the Public Health Authority here (in Slovak). Home isolation procedures in English are summarized on the webpage of the International Office for Migration.
Official government of Slovakia COVID-19 statistics can be found at www.korona.gov.sk
Contact information for public health authorities in each region of Slovakia can be found here.
- Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Slovakia? Yes.
- If so, are test results reliably available within 72 hours? Yes.
- Private testing is available at Agellab.sk, Synlab.sk , Alphamedical.sk, Lab.online, or Medirex.sk in various locations throughout the country. Reportedly, Medirex.sk offers same-day PCR results in English. If not ordered by the Regional Public Health Authority or a medical provider, the fee for testing is paid by the traveler. The standard cost for PCR tests is €50-€80. Results are usually provided via text message with a link to a document that can be downloaded for printing. Fee-based testing will be available, and may be required, at selected borders including some airports in the region.
- Residents and visitors can also undergo free rapid antigen testing in each district upon request at facilities listed on the e-VUC website, many of which take walk-in patients. Appointments for rapid antigen tests can also be scheduled at these facilities. Requests for tests can also be sent to the Ministry of Health via the COVID-19 website. Clinic staff provide hand-written results certificates to patients immediately after their tests, or may provide results electronically after registration. In Bratislava, foreigners can register in English for free antigen tests at the Amfiteáter Štrkovec (the password for the PDF is the number entered for passport/ID).
- Persons who take a test from one of the Slovak government’s approved clinics may receive an SMS message with their test results. It can take up to three days to receive PCR results. If you receive a negative test result via SMS message, make sure to keep your cellphone on you at all times while outside your residence.
- If you test positive for COVID-19 while in Slovakia, please follow the regulations as outlined by the Public Health Authority here (in Slovak). Home isolation procedures in English are summarized on the webpage of the International Office for Migration.
COVID-19 Vaccine Information
- Has the government of Slovakia approved a COVID-19 vaccine for use? Yes.
- The United States Government does not plan to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to private U.S. citizens overseas. Please follow host country developments and guidelines for COVID-19 vaccination.
- See the website of the International Organization for Migration for details in English about vaccine eligibility and availability in Slovakia.
- Eligible residents and workers in Slovakia can request vaccination via this website (in Slovak only): https://vakcinacia.nczisk.sk/registracia
- Are vaccines available in Slovakia for U.S. citizens to receive? No, unless they have an approved insurance plan. Only Slovak citizens and residents with one of the following three government health insurance plans can receive a vaccination in Slovakia: VsZP, Union, and Dovera. Kiosks offering sign-ups for these plans are found throughout the country, including in supermarkets and shopping centers. Some other European Union healthcare plans may also be accepted. The public decree regarding vaccination of foreign nationals is available here in English. Information current as of April 14 is available at the Slovak Spectator.
- Visit the FDA’s website to learn more about the FDA-approved vaccines in the United States.
- The U.S. government does not plan to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to private U.S. citizens overseas. Please follow host country developments and guidelines for COVID-19 vaccination.
Entry and Exit Requirements:
Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter Slovakia? No, in most cases.
No travel for tourism or regular business from the United States to the Schengen zone, including Slovakia, is permitted. Travelers, including U.S. citizens, may be admitted only if they are immediate family members of a Slovak citizen or resident, receive an entry exception from Slovak authorities, or otherwise qualify for entry to as outlined on the European Commission website. The website of the International Organization for Migration also provides information about travel to Slovakia in English.
Entry requirements below apply to travelers who qualify for admission to Slovakia, as outlined by the European Commission, and travelers who are already physically present within the Schengen zone. No travel for tourism or regular business from the United States to the Schengen zone, including Slovakia, is permitted.
The International Organization for Migration provides information in English about travel to Slovakia, quarantine measures, and exemption categories.
As of February 17, 2021, all people aged 10 years and older allowed entry into Slovakia, who do not fall into a specified exemption category, must:
- Register online in advance at korona.gov.sk/ehranica and present the registration confirmation at the border.
- Remain in home quarantine with all members of their household.
- On or after day 8 of quarantine, travelers and everyone in their household must take a PCR test. Once negative results of the PCR test are received, quarantine ends as long as all people in the household remain asymptomatic.
- All people entering the Slovak Republic who have been physically present only within the European Union, Norway, Iceland, Lichtenstein, Switzerland, or the United Kingdom for the prior 14 days can end their quarantine after day 14, even without obtaining a COVID-19 test.
- For information on specific categories of travelers, including those who are fully vaccinated or who have recovered from COVID-19 within the last 90 days, please see the Slovak Spektator’s COVID-19 Travel Guide.
As of April 19, 2021, all people entering the Slovak Republic who have been fully vaccinated or have recovered from COVID-19 within the last 180 days, and who have been physically present only within the European Union, Norway, Iceland, Lichtenstein, Switzerland, or the United Kingdom for the prior 14 days, will not have to quarantine. Fully vaccinated means that at least 14 days have passed since a second dose of Moderna or Pfizer, or 4 weeks have passed since a first dose of a vector vaccine, such as AstraZeneca. Proof of vaccination, or proof of recovery, is required upon entry. Vaccinated and recently-recovered travelers still must:
- Register online in advance at korona.gov.sk/ehranica and present the registration confirmation at the border.
- Present negative results of a COVID-19 antigen test less than 48 hours old or PCR test less than 72 hours old at the border.
- Take another PCR test at any time after entry to Slovakia, and self-isolate until they receive negative results. For information on testing in Slovakia, including clinics that provide same-day PCR test results, see the section COVID-19 Testing above. It is recommended to make an appointment in advance.
For information on specific categories of travelers, including those who are excepted from quarantine, please see the Slovak Spectator’s COVID-19 Travel Guide
Travel by Air
Flights to the Schengen zone through Vienna, Amsterdam, or Frankfurt permit transit as long as the traveler has documentation to prove that the final destination in the EU will allow their entry. If you plan to fly into Vienna International Airport, please follow guidance from the Austrian authority for transiting passengers. For information on ground transit to the airport in Vienna from Slovakia, please see the section below on travel and transit to neighboring countries.
All persons who arrive to Slovakia by airplane are required to fill out the registration form: Health Passenger Locator Form and to obey all epidemiological measures as ordered by the Public Health Authority of the Slovak Republic.
Is it possible to travel to or transit neighboring countries from Slovakia?: No, in most cases. However, a few exceptions are outlined below.
Drivers (including private persons) providing direct ground transportation without stopover to/from airports in any neighboring countries are exempt from the quarantine and testing requirements upon reentry to Slovakia, as long as they carry the airport transit form https://naletisko.mzv.sk/ and adhere to its conditions. Note that transiting passengers and their drivers may still need to comply with testing and quarantine requirements of the country where the airport is located. For transit to the Vienna International Airport, passengers and drivers need to submit and comply with the conditions of the Pre-Travel-Clearance form.
The Austrian Embassy in Washington and the Federal Ministry of Austria provide general information about preclearance and entry requirements in English for travelers from the U.S. to Austria. Note that travelers to Austria must be already physically present within the Schengen zone, or meet the criteria to enter it, in order to be allowed entry.
As of September 1, 2020, the border with Hungary is closed. Only Hungarian citizens and long-term residents will be allowed entry to Hungary, with limited exceptions. Arrivals and departures of third country nationals at the Budapest international airport usually will not be permitted. For more information, visit the COVID-19 page of the U.S. Embassy in Budapest.
As of January 30, 2021, the Czech Republic is closed to all travelers except residents and citizens, students, some workers, and some medical and emergency travel. For more information, please see the website of the Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic.
Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? No.
All travelers must enter quarantine upon arrival unless they fall into one of the categories of exemption listed in the official Decree from the Public Health Authority. Please click here for the English translation. Fully-vaccinated and recently recovered travelers coming from certain countries in Europe may be able to test in lieu of quarantine if they follow the procedures outline in the Entry and Exit Requirements section above.
Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Sometimes.
The airports in Vienna and Bratislava have been conducting temperature checks on arriving passengers for some flights. Travelers should be prepared for health and border officials to require temperature checks.
Are visa extensions for residents and/or tourists available? Yes
Temporary and permanent residents, as well as anyone on paroled status in Slovakia, whose validity expires during the declared state of crisis and up to a month afterwards will have their legal status extended for two months after the official state of crisis is declared over. Travel for tourism to other EU countries during that period is only permitted for legal residents. Temporary residents and visitors must remain in Slovakia.
Travelers that legally entered Slovakia on a Schengen visa will maintain their legal status until one month after the official state of crisis ends. They are not, however, permitted to travel for tourism to other countries, unless they have permanent residency in Slovakia.
For current information in English, including operating hours of the Foreign Police, see the website of the International Organization for Migration.
Temporary and permanent residents who are outside of Slovakia and are unable to return during the state of crisis can submit an application for the renewal of their residency status at the closest Slovak Embassy abroad mzv.sk/washington. The Slovak embassy can provide details on application procedures.
Is a curfew in place? Yes.
The Traffic Light System dictates curfews and restricts movement by region. For details, see the International Organization for Migration, and the Slovak Spectator. An English-language explanation of the Traffic Light System is available here.
Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine?
Yes, unless they fall into an exemption category as outlined in the official Decree from the Public Health Authority or fall into an excepted category of traveler. Please click here for the English translation of the decree An overview is also available in English in the Slovak Spectator’s COVID-19 Travel Guide.
Please follow all guidance on testing and quarantine outlined in the Entry and Exit Requirements section above. Note that if you fly into an airport in a neighboring country, you also need to comply with all requirements for transiting passengers for the country where the airport is located.
For details in English, see the Entry and Exit Requirements section of the website above, and the website of the International Organization for Migration.
Are commercial flights operating? Yes.
There are no direct flights to the United States from any Slovak airport. The Vienna and Prague airports remain open with indirect and some direct itineraries to the United States. However, airlines have reduced their schedules and flights are subject to constant change. Check with your airline before your scheduled departure. For more detailed information visit the websites of the Vienna and Prague airports.
If arriving in Slovakia via commercial flight, it is required to complete the Passenger Health Locator Form.
The Bratislava, Kosice and Poprad airports now have limited commercial flights and charter flights to destinations in Europe.
Is public transportation operating? Yes.
Masks are required on all forms of public transportation. Taxi and ride sharing app services are available, and also require the use of FFP2/K95/N95 face masks.
For entry to the United States beginning January 26, 2021:
As of January 26, 2021, all travelers arriving to the U.S. by air, including U.S. citizens and LPRs, must provide negative results of a COVID-19 antigen or RT-PCR test taken within 72 hours of boarding a flight to the U.S. For more information, please see these FAQs from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Note that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also encourage all travelers to the U.S. to re-test after 3-5 days in the U.S. and self-quarantine for 7 days after travel. All arriving travelers must also follow all testing and quarantine requirements for the city/state of their final destination in the U.S.
Waivers to the testing requirement may be granted by the CDC on an extremely limited basis when extraordinary emergency travel (like an emergency medical evacuation) must occur to preserve someone’s health and safety, and testing cannot be completed before travel. There are no waivers available for individuals who test positive for COVID-19. Individuals – or air carriers seeking to allow boarding by potentially qualifying individuals – who believe they meet the criteria for a waiver should contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate at ConsulBratislava@state.gov, and provide the information below. The U.S. Embassy or Consulate will then submit the request to the CDC for consideration.
The following information must be provided for each passenger:
- Name (family name/surname, given name), passport number and country
- Cell phone number including country code of passenger or head of household if family unit
- Email address of passenger or head of household if family unit
- U.S. destination address
- Is U.S. destination home address?
- Departure date
- Flight itinerary
- Name of submitting entity if different from passenger
- Name of company submitting on behalf of passenger(s) (if applicable)
- Name of point of contact submitting on behalf of passenger(s) (if applicable)
- Phone and email address for POC submitting waiver request on behalf of passenger(s) (if applicable)
- Purpose of travel to the U.S. (provide brief explanation of why urgent travel is needed and how travel will contribute to health and safety of passengers(s))
- Justification for testing waiver (e.g. no testing available, impact on health and safety)
- Documentation to support justification for test waiver, if available (e.g. medical records or orders for medical evacuation)
Fines for Non-Compliance:
Violation of the quarantine, mask, and testing rules in Slovakia can result in fines of €1,650 ($1800). Slovak authorities recently announced increased monitoring along Slovak borders and state that they may soon impose fines of up to €5,000 for travel and quarantine rule violations. In cases of serious quarantine violations, foreigners may be deported from Slovakia and could face permanent bans on reentry.
Non-compliance with mask requirements can result in fines or prosecution.
American Citizen Services at the U.S. Embassy in Bratislava is accepting limited numbers of applicants for urgent services. Please visit https://sk.usembassy.gov/u-s-citizen-services/ to schedule an appointment.
The U.S. Embassy in Bratislava is accepting limited appointment requests for urgent nonimmigrant visa applicants who are exempt from all Presidential Proclamations or qualify for National Interest Exceptions. Nonimmigrant visa applications are available at https://www.ustraveldocs.com/sk/. Please do not pay the fee unless you are sure you are exempt from the Presidential Proclamations, qualify for a National Interest Exception, or until the U.S. Embassy approves your appointment request.
The U.S. Embassy in Bratislava is accepting limited appointment requests for urgent nonimmigrant visa applicants who are exempt from Presidential Proclamation 10143 or qualify for qualify for National Interest Exceptions. Nonimmigrant visa applications are available at https://www.ustraveldocs.com/sk/. Please do not pay the fee unless you are sure you are exempt from PP 10143, qualify for a National Interest Exception, or until the U.S. Embassy approves your appointment request.
- Slovak government COVID-19 information page
- U.S. Embassy in Bratislava COVID-10 information
- U.S. Embassy in Bratislava Security and Travel information
- International Office for Migration in Slovakia COVID-19 information page
- The Embassy of the Slovak Republic in Washington, DC
- Slovak Ministry of Interior travel information page
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs COVID-19 travel and transit information
- European Commission COVID-19 travel regulations
- COVID-19 crisis page on travel.state.gov
- CDC page on COVID-19 for travelers
- Department of State travel information for Slovakia
- WHO basic protective measures against the new coronavirus
- WHO coronavirus disease (COVID-2019) situation reports
- European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control